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A GUIDE TO VIRGINIA MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS IN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, 1774-1787
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A GUIDE TO VIRGINIA MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS IN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, 1774-1787. E. M. Sanchez-Saavedra. Paperback, (1978), 2001, 6x9, Index, 226 pp.
Men from the Old Dominion served in all branches and services, in those units raised under congressional authority and in those raised by the government of the commonwealth. The Continental and the state military establishments were complicated organizations, each consisting of an often confusing and sometimes bewildering array of regiments, battalions, corps, legions, detachments, and companies --- some of them permanent and others temporary. The variety and multiplicity of units has been a source of difficulty and perplexity for historians who have attempted to record which units were engaged in a particular battle or campaign and to identify the units by their correct names. This confusion has often resulted in vague and inexact references to "Weedon's brigade," "Morgan's men," and the "Virginia Line." The present volume attempts to present as complete and accurate an account as possible of Virginia's military participation in the Revolution.
Each unit treated in these pages has been selected because of its actual or administrative connection with the state. Three battalions of the Georgia Line, for example, were recruited almost completely in Virginia; therefore they are included, even though the officers listed were all Georgians. Units such as Armand's Partizan Legion (initially made up largely of foreign-born volunteers and raised in New York and Pennsylvania) are included because a large number of Virginians joined them or because they were credited to the Virginia Continental quota.
The units are presented according to the priority in which they stood during the Revolution: Continental infantry, artillery, cavalry; state line infantry, artillery, cavalry, militia; navy and marines. Within each section a fairly strict chronological order is observed. Thus, the section on the provisional forces raised in 1774-1775 comes before the sections on the regiments ordered by Congress.