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1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners and Gazetteer Volume 3: Eastern Region
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1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners and Gazetteer Volume 3: Eastern Region. Ward, Roger G.. Softcover, 1998, Index, 209 pp. Alphabetical listing of all 1815 landowners found in each county, as well as the accompanying description of the location of said property. Includes map. Additional information can be gained from the original records.
Includes the counties of: Accomack, Caroline, Elizabeth City, Essex, Gloucester, Isle of Wight, James City, King and Queen, King George, King William, Lancaster, Mathews, Middlesex, Nansemond, Norfolk, Northampton, Northumberland, Princess Anne, Richmond, Surry, Warwick, Westmoreland, York, and the independent city of Norfolk.
In 1782 the General Assembly of Virginia enacted new tax laws whichcreated within each county an enumeration of land and certain personal property. Theseearly land tax laws required a tax commissioner in each district of a county to record alist of the names of persons owning land or town lots, the quantity of land owned and itsvalue, and the amount of tax owed. By 1813, a brief geographic description (usuallyciting an adjacent stream, road, or other landmark) was required; in 1814, the distanceand direction from the courthouse for each parcel was also added to the tax rolls.
The present work is an alphabetical listing of all 1815 landowners found ineach county, as well as the accompanying description of the location of the said property.We have not included the number of acres, taxes assessed, or any transactions betweenlandowners which may have been noted on the tax rolls; also, in many cases thegeographic location was provided as "adjacent to John Smith", etc. and, while useful many times to a genealogist, was considered to be beyond the objectives of this project. The reader is encouraged to consider the information here-in as an "outline" of earlylandowners in Virginia rather than a "text" due to the year-to-year variation ininformation provided to the clerk (or recorded by the clerk), omissions, lack of"identifiers" to determine if "same name" was also "same person" within a district oracross districts, marginal quality/clarity (in a few cases) of the microfilm copy, and, notleast, errors on the part of either the original clerks or the current author whiletranscribing.
Some of the approaches to utilizing the 1815 landowner information include: