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The First Traders On Wall Street: The Wiechquaeskeck Indians of Southwestern Connecticut
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THE FIRST TRADERS ON WALL STREET: THE WIECHQUAESKECK INDIANS OF SOUTHWESTERN CONNECTICUT IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY. John Alexander Buckland. Paperback, 2002, 5.5 x 8.5, 286 pp.
This book honors an Indian Nation that has been long forgotten. It is the Wiechquaeskeck of the Hudson River estuary area. They were a numerous, strong and healthy people when they first gazed at the white sails of European ships in Long Island Sound in the 16th century. Their story is distinct and unique, although they were part of the great Algonquian Woodland peoples, and belonged to the large group of Lenape, or Delaware, Indians in the New Jersey and New York area. From 17th century documents, we know many of their names, and much about their lives. They sank from a thriving tribe, to scattered groups, to obscurity by the 19th century. The main causes of their downfall were virulent diseases from Europe, but they also had bloody fights with the Dutch of New Netherland. Their final blow was inflicted by rum, given to them by land-hungry English merchants.
Their story is told using maps, illustrations, timelines, documents and archeological studies, in addition to scholarly essays on cultural clashes, traditional activities, European impressions, and much more. The story of the Wiechquaeskeck mirrors the story of the decline of many native cultures in North America. This book will be highly prized by students of Native America.
"The subject is very well researched, and I especially like the fact that the bulk of your information comes from primary sources.' You give me a feeling for just how great the changes were in the first 50 years after contact, and how much was lost in that short period of time."
"An excellent discussion of the tribes in the area. I particularly like the biographies (which) personalize history and makes one realize that these were flesh-and-blood folks."
"The archeological segment is good, solid stuff." -- Faith Damon Davison, Archivist, The Mohegan Tribe, Uncasville, CT