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Directory of Scots Banished to the American Plantations, 1650-1775. Second Edition
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Directory of Scots Banished to the American Plantations, 1650-1775. David Dobson. Softcover, 20103, New, 254 pp.
The Publisher’s Description: Between 1650 and 1775 many thousands of Scots were banished to the American colonies for political, religious, or criminal offenses. In the aftermath of the English Civil War, for example, Oliver Cromwell transported thousands of Scots soldiers to Virginia, New England, and the West Indies. The Covenanter Risings of the later 17th century led to around 1,700 Scots being expelled as enemies of the state, and the Jacobite Rebellions of 1715 and 1745 resulted in an additional 1,600 men, women, and children being banished to the colonies. Moreover, from the 1650s to 1830, when it became illegal, banishment and transportation to the colonies was a traditional punishment for certain serious—but over time petty—crimes, thereby contributing even further to the Scottish population of colonial America.